James Wardrop was a British surgeon and ophthalmologist. He lived from 1782 to 1869. Wardrop studied medicine at Edinburgh and attended lectures though out Europe. At only 19 years old, Wardrop became the house surgeon in the Royal Infirmary. By 22, he moved to Edinburgh and began the museum of the Royal College of Surgeons.
Upon moving to London, Wardrop performed a successful eye surgery on the Prince of Wales. This led to Wardrop becoming Surgeon to the King. Wardrop founded the West London Hospital of Surgery. He performed ground breaking work regarding the pathological anatomy of the eye. Wardrop surgically treated aneurysms and created the term keratitis. He dropped contact with colleagues a few years before passing away.